The natural colour of the wood is a pale golden brown, but it can be bleached or stained to simulate other woods, e.g. Chapter 7 "Timber and cellulose" is a great introduction to how wood's properties are determined by the inner stucture of trees and their growth. Properties of Birch and Maple wood. Chart: Wood can be very weak. Easy board foot calculation Hardwoods sell in grades by the board foot, a basic unit of measurement that equals a 1"-thick board that's 12" wide and 12" long.That's because hardwoods--unlike softwoods-aren't cut and milled as dressed, sized lumber in standard nominal dimensions (2X4, 1X6, 4X4, etc.) Learn more about wood in this article. walnut and mahogany. To see the properties for any wood species, click on its name. For younger readers. The chart of “Mechanical Properties of Wood” is divided into three parts -- North American Hardwoods, North American Softwoods, and World Woods, or woods from other places than North America. Note that due to inadequacies of samples, these values may not necessarily represent average characteristics .Tree SpeciesAverage Specific Gravity, Oven Dry SampleStatic Bending Modulus of Elasticity (E)Impact Bending, Height of Drop Causing FailureCompress. To access any part, click on the title below. The table below provides laboratory values for several properties of wood that are associated with wood strength. In tension (for example, stretched horizontally in struts or beams), it's one of the weakest of all common materials. Botanical name: Acer saccharum Color: Color ranges from cream to light reddish brown. It is a relatively cheap wood and the durability of this wood makes it a good choice for doors, floors, structural parts of furniture, plywood and veneers. It is strong in relation to its weight, is insulating to heat and electricity, and has desirable acoustic properties. how properties of one type of material compare with those of clear wood and other wood products. Wood, the principal strengthening and nutrient-conducting tissue of trees and other plants and one of the most abundant and versatile natural materials. ... Penguin, 1991. Although an ex-tensive review that compares all properties of wood-based materials and products is beyond the scope of this chapter, Table 12–1 provides some insight to how static bending properties of these materials vary and how their properties The cell wall substance is actually heavier than water; with a specific gravity of about 1.5 kgm–3 regardless of species. Lumber Sizing Chart. Factors Affecting Wood Properties 2.1 Natural Characteristics Related to Wood Structure Much of the variation in wood properties within and between trees can be attributed to density. Appearance: The pattern is usually straight-grained and sometimes found with highly figured bird's-eye or burl grain. properties to represent the average properties of a species is uncertain; nevertheless, the properties represent the best information available. to only be cut to length for construction. Variability, or variation in properties, is common to all materials. Because wood is a natural material and the tree is subject … Physical features: Maple wood properties also include that this wood type is heavy, hard, strong, tough, stiff, close-grained, and possesses a uniform texture.