Good quality detailing is vital because it affects structural performance, cost, buildability and, perhaps most importantly, the appearance of the building. Installation by ‘Mobile Elevating Working Platforms’ (MEWPs). The decision to use structural steel is often driven by the programme benefits for which the input from steelwork contractors is essential early in the design process. 1. British Council for Offices Guide to Specification, Architectural Design in Steel – Trebilcock P and Lawson R M published by Spon, 2004. The floor system includes all secondary and primary beams and also the floor slab (which is very stiff in relation to the beams). The concept design focuses on identifying the client’s requirements for the building and on the involvement of stakeholders including users, local authorities, neighbouring properties and the local community. Understanding Steel Design: An Architectural Design Manual - by Terri Meyer Boake and Vincent Hui. It explains design issues relevant to key stages of the design process, particularly at the concept design stage. Engineering 11 1. Steel-framed buildings routinely deliver BREEAM ‘Excellent’ and ‘Outstanding’ ratings and can cost-effectively meet current and likely future low and ‘zero’ operational carbon targets. Indicative structural costs are shown. ‘Complex access’ is for confined and irregular site plans commonly found in city centre locations with demanding logistics and access requirements. To achieve economic and practical architectural details, there has to be a basic appreciation of the performance of the overall structure itself and the loading conditions on the member or component in question. The relevant stages that relate to the architectural design concept and the choice of structural form and materials used are: The decision-making process begins with an understanding of the client’s brief and the physical constraints of the project. Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel. Increasingly, reduction of external noise is important in city centre projects and light steel infill walls can provide the required insulation levels. use of an, Spatial layout and planning grid on each floor based on the functional uses. Architecturally Exposed Structural Steel illustrates steel's ability to express the structural integrity of a building in a striking way while showcasing the true beauty of the structural system. Fire engineering is a widely used technique, where fire severity can be predicted based on the fire load, ventilation, fire compartmentation and smoke control criteria. The free encyclopedia for UK steel construction information. The concept of off-site manufacture is now well established, which includes the use of a wide range of pre fabricated components, including large cladding panels, packaged services, room and toilet modules, lifts and stairs, etc. ‘Lean’ construction is also increasingly encouraged by clients in which standardisation of details and components leads to significant economy in manufacture, and to reduction in waste, over-ordering and re work. Traditionally, most detailing of connections is the responsibility of the structural engineer or steelwork contractor but, for exposed steelwork, detailing is of much more interest to the architect, as it impacts on the concept of the building. Steelwork contractors can assist in the outline pricing and scheme design of steel structures and can offer advice on practical aspects of the construction process, such as construction programme, temporary works, deliveries to site, etc. Examples from well-known projects are shown. The National Structural Steelwork Specification provides useful guidance. Steelwork fabrication and installation are specialist tasks; the main processes involved are outlined below. provides guidance on the use of steel technologies and evidence to support the architects’ decision-making. All Rights Reserved. Information required at various stages in the, Solar shading using projecting roof with external, Urban scale – Accessible public buildings, such as Manchester’s Justice Centre are now part of the urban landscape, Urban scale – Wide range of building forms achieved using steel structures on London’s South Bank, The Cardington frame after the office fire test, Composite columns with inherent fire resistance, Thin film intumescent coating applied to cellular beams, Measuring the thickness of intumescent paint on a steel beam before delivery to site, Typical board fire protection to steelwork, Use of colour-coated composite decking in a car park, Finite element analysis to assess floor vibrations, Opportunities for architectural expression in steel, National Structural Steelwork Specification, ‘real’ fire tests on an 8 storey steel framed building, Target Zero - Guidance on the design and construction of sustainable, low carbon office buildings, SCI P101 Interfaces - Steel Supported Glazing Systems, SCI P166 Interfaces: Design of Steel Framed Buildings for Service Integration, 1997, SCI P336 Acoustic detailing for multi-storey residential buildings, SCI P371 Acoustic performance – Case Studies, SCI P372 Acoustic Detailing for Steel Construction, SCI P167 Architectural Teaching Resource Studio Guide, 2000, SCI P137 Comparative Structure Cost of Modern Commercial Buildings (Second Edition), 2004, SCI P166 Design of Steel Framed Buildings for Service Integration, SCI P354 Design of Floors for Vibrations- A New Approach, Steel Construction: Floor Vibration, BCSA, 2016, SCI P355 Design of Composite Beams with Large Web Openings, Best Practice in Steel Construction: Commercial Buildings, SCI IEP 2 Service Coordination with Structural Beams, SCI IEP 4 Supporting Services from Steelwork, Part 8: Description of member resistance calculator, Part 9: Description of simple connection resistance calculator, Part 10: Guidance to developers of software for the design of composite beams, https://www.steelconstruction.info/index.php?title=Building_design_using_steel_-_a_summary_for_architects&oldid=11943, Low rise, short spans, repetitive grid / sections, easy access (55kg/m, High rise, long spans, easy access, repetitive grid (90kg/m, High rise, long spans, complex access, irregular grid, complex elements (110kg/m, Composite floors, metal decking and lightweight concrete topping, Hollowcore precast concrete composite floor with concrete topping, Factory applied intumescent (60 minutes resistance), Factory applied intumescent (90 minutes resistance), Large span single storey building with low eaves (6 - 8 m), Large span single storey building with high eaves (10 - 13 m), Stage 3: Developed design (formerly RIBA Stage D and E), Local planning requirements that may influence the building form, including limits on the building height, rights of adjacent properties, access restrictions, renewable energy provisions, appropriate use of, Functional requirements of the space for the client and stakeholders, and other dimensioning criteria, such as, BCO/letting agent’s requirements for offices and Lifetime Homes requirements for residential projects. Assembly scale – Expressed use of steel struts and ties to support a tent roof structure at Belfast’s Odyssey, Detail scale – Expressed use of steel nodes and ties to support the roof structure at Manchester’s Etihad Stadium(Image courtesy of Arup Associates), Main articles: Design, Concept design, Framing schematics, Member design, Simple connections, Facades and interfaces, Service integration. Manufacture and attachment of secondary components, such as cleats, shims and bolts and lifting lugs, Curving of members, forming of openings, which is often carried out by specialist companies, In some cases, partial concrete encasement and, Scheduling for delivery on a ‘just in time’ basis and, Handling and storage of components on site.
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